A lot goes into owning an AR-15, whether you build it or buy it. What’s more, you probably shoot your rifle at least once a week — if not, why do you own the rifle? For most, shooting accuracy is the primary metric by which they measure their progress. Can you hit the mark consistently, if not always? Once you get good enough at shooting to really dial in your accuracy, even the smallest adjustments can make a huge difference. For example, firing your rifle while your breath is held and in between heart beats — at least the movies got something right. You can improve your accuracy, but you need to educate yourself on various techniques to accomplish your goal.
At Rail Scales, we want you to shoot as accurately as you possibly can. That means you need to know a little more about firing a rifle to do so. In fact, what we want to share with you in this article today has nothing to do with your rifle, per say. Yes, one of our low profile hand stops would help you shoot better, but we want you to learn something, too. We want to share the four basic field shooting positions so that you can determine where you need work and how to improve.
Your stance alone can account for a substantial portion of your accuracy; it’s time you started to pay attention to the little things.
The Four Basic Field Shooting Positions
There is a purpose behind each field shooting position. It’s important to remember that the purpose that position will also affect how accurate you are at hitting your target. Here are the four positions:
Each of these positions offer advantages to your shooting. For most, you will be at the range and stationary. For example, the prone position is a low, stable position to shoot from. On the other hand, standing is a higher, less stable position to shoot from.
The Ready Position
If you’re not sighting a target, but you are actively training, your rifle should be in the ready position. This position is denoted by the rifle being ready to fire. In this position, your safety is on, finger is on the trigger guard, buttstock is secured against your shoulder, and the muzzle is oriented toward the target.
The Indoor Ready Position
The alternative ready position used for indoor training is the “indoor” ready position. This position is denoted by the rifle stock secured against the shoulder, but he muzzle pointed down and away from the potential target. The rifle being oriented in this position allows for easier movement indoors and reduces the chance of friendly fire.
Standing Field Shooting Position
As many would disagree, standing with your gun off-sight is the most unstable field shooting position. However, it’s the fastest to assume ready position, as well as fire from. It’s a mandatory field position to master due to the mobility that it offers.
Ideally, your feet should be about shoulder width apart. Your off-side foot should be slightly forward of your on-side foot. For most, this means that the heel of your off-side foot is in alignment with the toes of your on-side foot. The goal with your feet is to give you a good, solid base, so the stance will vary between people to some degree.
You want to keep your elbows tucked in tight to your body. This is a tactical perspective, but it keeps your movements high and tight, as you fire or negotiate indoor areas like hallways or doorways.
No matter the circumstance, your AR-15
should be pulled in snug to your body and held with both hands. As you move between cover, do not get up and tight against the cover. This limits mobility. When you can, stay away from the cover so that you can move laterally without much restriction while still remaining protected from the potential threat.
Kneeling Field Shooting Position
Within the kneeling field shooting position, there are three types of sub-positions:
Each position, obviously, offers benefits to using them, and they each have a purpose for using them. Although these positions are fast to assume, they do not offer any more stability over the standing position to improve accuracy. These positions are great to navigate low-hanging obstacles or tight spaces that do not allow you to stand.
The speed kneeling position is easily assumed, as mentioned above. All you need to do is from standing, step forward with your off-side foot and kneel onto your on-side foot. Now, from this position, you can transition into a braced-kneeling position. The braced-kneeling position involves you stabilizing your upper body by placing your off-side elbow on your off-side knee. Also, you can lean backward to sit on your on-side foot for a partial seated position.
Finally, you can utilize the double-kneeling position for a variety of reasons. You can transition to prone position: lean out from behind barriers or barricades, and move your upper body in any direction to some degree to get a better angle for your shot. The double-knee position is relatively versatile when it comes to stationary range of movement.
Sitting Field Shooting Position
As the most stable of all the intermediary shooting positions, the sitting position is the hardest to recover from. You can utilize the sitting positions in three forms:
- Crossed Leg
All three positions offer a stable shooting position. If you are working from behind a low to medium height horizontal barricade, the sitting position may be the best option.
Prone Field Shooting Position
As mentioned above, the prone position is the most stable shooting position. It has moderate mobility as you can crawl or roll around as you see fit. Also, the prone position is the best way to work from behind low horizontal barriers. You can utilize the prone position with both legs fully extended or with your on-side knee bent out to the side as you feel comfortable. You can recover from the prone position into sitting, kneeling, or standing.
How To Improve Accuracy
You now have four basic field shooting positions to master while shooting. As you train using each position, you will notice your overall accuracy improve. Your brain will begin to adjust to the new challenge, which will sharpen your already-learned skill.
Rail Scales: Upgrade Your AR-15 Today!
It’s time you added a new sight to your AR-15. How about a new scale for better grip? You can shop all the Rail Scale products online right now to find components that will help you improve your accuracy.